In a nutshell
In 2001, BioMed Central was the first publisher to openly post named peer reviewer reports alongside published articles as part of a ‘pre-publication history’ for all medical journals in the BMC series. The BMC Group now publishes over 500 journals and of those, 70 operate fully open peer review.
In the open peer review process practiced by BMC, authors know who the reviewers are for all manuscripts during the peer review process, and if the manuscript is accepted for publication the named reviewer reports accompany the published article.
Open peer review facilitates accountability and recognition, and may help in training early career researchers about the peer review process.
Type of project
BMC Group, Springer Nature
Goals and intentions
Peer review is central to the publishing process and has a fundamental role to play in maintaining the integrity of the published literature and advancing discovery. At BMC, we have always supported innovation in peer review.
The intention with open peer review is to make the reviewer (and the Editor) more accountable for peer review, and to provide recognition of the work that peer reviewers do.
There have been relatively few large-scale studies looking at the impact of open peer review, and so data from the BMC Group is useful for learning about the effectiveness and benefits of open peer review.